The Sitar is most commonly associated with India, though the design varies in different parts of the country and Pakistan and Afghanistan also have their own versions. Sitar is a stringed plucked instrument of India; has a long neck and movable frets; has 7 metal strings for playing and usually 12 resonating strings.Long-necked plucked chordophone of northern India, with movable frets and a rounded gourd body.
So,The sitar is a classical Indian instrument. It typically has a gourd acting as the resonating chamber. A distinctive feature is the frets, which are moveable (allowing fine variation in tuning) and raised (so that 'sympathetic' strings can run underneath the frets, giving a very lush sound). A typical sitar has 19 strings - 7 on top and 12 under the frets.
Traditional approaches to learning the sitar involve a long period of apprenticeship under the tutelage of a master although nowadays it is possible to purchase books and videos to assist home learning. It was popularised in the West by The Beatles, whose guitarist, George Harrison, was inspired by Ravi Shankar.
The present day sitar developed from the Persian Sehetar, a three stringed lute-like instrument, with the Indian Veena, a four stringed instrument with long bamboo neck and gourd. The resulting instrument was renamed the Sitar and had a long wooden neck with a gourd for a music box. The sitar was mainly used for accompaniment to devotional singing in the court, temple or shrines. Later the Sitar ang (style) of playing was developed as an instrumental style relying heavily on speed and right hand techniques.